WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI)?
“The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race…. It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever-increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, wouldn’t compete, and would be superseded.” Stephen Hawking told the BBC
Back in the 1950s, the fathers of the field, described artificial intelligence as any task performed by a machine that would have previously been considered to require human intelligence. That’s clearly a rather broad definition, which is why you will sometimes see arguments over whether something is truly AI or not.
“Intelligence is the efficiency with which you acquire new skills at tasks you didn’t previously prepare for,” — “Intelligence is not skill itself, it’s not what you can do, it’s how well and how efficiently you can learn new things.” they added.
However. in my capacity to comprehend, It’s an explanation under which modern AI-powered systems, such as virtual assistants, would be characterized as having demonstrated ‘narrow AI’; the ability to simplify their training when carrying out a limited set of tasks.
Typically, AI systems display at least some of the following behaviors associated with human intelligence: planning, learning, reasoning, problem solving, motion. They do not excel into social intelligence and creativity.
AI is everywhere today, used to recommend what you should buy next online, to understanding what you say to virtual assistants, such as Amazon’s Alexa and Apple’s Siri, to recognise who and what is in a photo, to spot spam, or detect credit card fraud.
This type of machine intelligence is evident in the speech and language recognition of the Siri virtual assistant on the Apple iPhone, in the vision-recognition systems on self-driving cars, or in the recommendation engines that suggest products you might like based on what you bought in the past. Unlike humans, these systems can only learn or be taught how to do defined tasks, which is why they are called narrow AI.
WHAT ARE RECENT LANDMARKS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF AI?
While modern narrow AI may be limited to performing specific tasks, within their specialism these systems are sometimes capable of superhuman performance, in some instances even demonstrating superior creativity, a trait often held up as intrinsically human.
There have been too many breakthroughs to put together a definitive list, but some highlights include: in 2009 Google showed it was possible for its self-driving Toyota Prius to complete more than 10 journeys of 100 miles each, setting society on a path towards driverless vehicles.
SOME INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
- January 2018, Google CEO Sundar Pichai claimed that artificial intelligence (AI) will be more transformativeto humanity than electricity.
- 84% of enterprises believe investing in AI will lead to greater competitive advantages.
- Between 2013 and 2017, venture capital fundingtowards AI increased 4.5 times, and venture capital in total increased by 2.08 times!
- Gartnerforecasts that by 2020, AI will become a top five investment priority for more than 30 percent of CIOs.